The difference between a D.O. and an M.D.
A physician with a D.O. has a degree as a “doctor of osteopathic medicine." Physicians with an M.D. have a “doctor of medicine” degree.
Doctors of osteopathic medicine and doctors of medicine are alike in that both use scientifically accepted methods of diagnosis/treatment. Educational requirements are the same, including 4 years of medical school, a year of internship, and 3 years of residency dedicated exclusively to dermatology.
The difference lies in the osteopathic training a D.O. recieves.
Osteopathic diagnosis and treatment keeps in mind the musculoskeletal systems (the muscle, bones, and joints) interdependence; a disturbance in one system may affect another. As such, a D.O. uses structural diagnosis and manipulative therapy of the musculoskeletal system along with other forms of diagnosis and treatment (eg: drugs and surgery) to effectively care for patients.